Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE)
Education aims at making children capable of becoming responsible, productive and useful
members of a society. Knowledge, skills and attitudes are built through learning experiences
and opportunities created for learners in school. It is in the classroom that learners can analyse
and evaluate their experiences, learn to doubt, to question, to investigate and to think
independently. The aim of education simultaneously reflects the current needs and aspirations
of a society as well as its lasting values and human ideals. At any given time and place they can
be called the contemporary and contextual articulations of broad and lasting human
aspirations and values.
An understanding of learners, educational aims, the nature of knowledge, and the nature of
the school as a social space can help us arrive at principles to guide classroom practices.
Conceptual development is thus a continuous process of deepening and enriching connections
and acquiring new layers of meaning. Alongside is the development of theories that children
have about the natural and social worlds, including themselves in relation to others, which
provide them with explanations for why things are the way they are and the relationship
between cause and effect. Attitudes, emotions and values are thus an integral part of cognitive
development, and are linked to the development of language, mental representations,
concepts and reasoning. As children's metacognitive capabilities develop, they become more
aware of their own beliefs and capable of regulating their own learning.
Characteristics of learning
All children are naturally motivated to learn and are capable of learning.
Understanding and developing the capacity for abstract thinking, reflection and work are
the most important aspects of learning.
Children learn in a variety of ways-through experience, making and doing things,
experimentation, reading, discussion, asking, listening, thinking and reflecting, and
expressing themselves in speech or writing-both individually and with others. They require
opportunities of all these kinds in the course of their development.
Teaching something before the child is cognitively ready takes away real learning. Children
may 'remember' many facts but they may not understand them or be able to relate them to
the world around them.
Learning takes place both within school and outside school. Learning is enriched if the two
arenas interact with each other. Art and work provide opportunities for holistic learning
that is rich in tacit and aesthetic components. Such experiences are essentially to be learnt
through direct experience and integrated into life.
Learning must be paced so that it allows learners to engage with concepts and deepen
understanding rather than remembering only to forget after examinations. At the same
time learning must provide variety and challenge, and be interesting and engaging.
Boredom is a sign that the task may have become mechanically repetitive for the child and
of little cognitive value.
Learning can take place with or without mediation. In the case of the latter, the social
context and interactions, especially with those who are capable, provide avenues for
learners to work at cognitive levels above their own.
A curriculum is what constitutes a total teaching-learning program composed of overall aims,
syllabus, materials, methods and assessment. In short it provides a framework of knowledge
and capabilities, seen as appropriate to a particular level. Evaluation not only measures the
progress and achievement of the learners but also the effectiveness of the teaching materials
and methods used for transaction. Hence evaluation should be viewed as a component of
curriculum with the twin purpose of effective delivery and further improvement in the
teaching learning process.
If properly understood, evaluation or assessment will not be perceived as something
administered by the teachers and taken by the learners on the conclusion of a period of
learning. When evaluation is seen as an end of the learning exercise, both the teachers and the
learners will tend to keep it outside the teaching-learning process, rendering assessment
broadly irrelevant and alien to the curriculum. Further such a perception associates anxiety
and stress with evaluation for learners. On the contrary, if evaluation is seen as an integral part
built into the teaching learning process; it will become continuous like both teaching and
learning. When evaluation is subsumed into teaching-learning, learners will not perceive tests
and examinations with fear. It will lead to diagnosis, remediation and enhancement of
The scope of evaluation in schools extends to almost all the areas of learners' personality
development. It should include both scholastic and co-scholastic areas, i.e. it should be
comprehensive in nature. This is in line with the goals of education. Evaluation is continuous
and reveals the strengths and weaknesses of learners more frequently, so that the learners
have better opportunity to understand and improve themselves. It also provides feedback to
the teachers for modifying their teaching strategies.
In view of getting a complete picture of the child's learning, assessment should focus on the
learner's ability to –
learn and acquire desired skills related to different subject areas.
acquire a level of achievement in different subject areas in the requisite measure
develop child's individual skills, interests, attitudes and motivation
understand and lead a healthy and a productive life.
monitor the changes taking place in a child's learning, behaviour and progress over time.
Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) refers to a system of school-based evaluation
of students that covers all aspects of a students' development. It is a developmental process of
a child which emphasizes on two fold objectives. These objectives are continuity in evaluation
on one hand and assessment of broad based learning and behaviourial outcomes on the other.
The term `continuous' is meant to emphasise that evaluation of identified aspects of students
`growth and development' is a continuous process rather than an event, built into the total
teaching-learning process and spread over the entire span of academic session. It means
regularity of assessment, diagnosis of learning gaps, use of corrective measures and feedback
of evidence to teachers and students for their self evaluation.
The second term `comprehensive' means that the scheme attempts to cover both the
scholastic and the co-scholastic aspects of students' growth and development. Since abilities,
attitudes and aptitudes can manifest themselves in forms other than the written word, the
term refers to application of a variety of tools and techniques (both testing and non-testing)
and aims at assessing a learner's development in areas of learning like :
Knowledge, Understanding/Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Evaluation, Creativity
To help develop cognitive, psychomotor and affective skills.
Features of CCE are:
The 'continuous' aspect of CCE takes care of 'continual' and 'periodicity' aspect of
Continual means assessment of students in the beginning of instruction (placement
evaluation) and assessment during the instructional process (formative evaluation) done
informally using multiple techniques of evaluation.
Periodicity means assessment of performance done frequently at the end of unit/term
The 'comprehensive' component of CCE takes care of assessment of all round development
of the child's personality. It includes assessment in Scholastic as well as Co-Scholastic
aspects of the pupil's growth.
Scholastic aspects include curricular areas or subject specific areas, whereas co-scholastic
aspects include Life Skills, Co-Curricular Activities, Attitudes, and Values.
Assessment in scholastic areas is done informally and formally using multiple techniques of
evaluation continually and periodically. The diagnostic evaluation takes place at the end of
a unit/term test. The causes of poor performance in some units are diagnosed using
diagnostic tests. These are followed up with appropriate interventions followed by
Assessment in Co-Scholastic areas is done using multiple techniques on the basis of
identified criteria, while assessment in Life Skills is done on the basis of Indicators of
Assessment and checklists.
CCE - 2011 AT A GLANCE